(May 19) Born as Malcolm
Little in University Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska.
brother, Reginald, is born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
in Pleasant Grove Elementary School (kindergarten).
father, Earl Little, is run over by a streetcar and is killed.
Enrolled in West Junior High School, in
Malcolm's mother, Louise Little, is committed
to the State Mental Hospital in Kalamazoo, consequently placing Malcolm
in a juvenile home.
He tells a teacher that his goal is to one
day become a lawyer, the teacher recommends becoming a carpenter instead,
as being a lawyer is not a realistic goal for a "nigger."
Enrolls in Mason High School in Mason, Michigan.
Lives in various foster homes.
Goes to Boston to visit his half-sister,
Ella Collins, notices her strong and independent character.
Moves to Boston to live with Ella.
Acquires various jobs, including shoe shining, dishwashing, and soda
jerking, also occasionally works for the New Haven Railroad.
He is now exposed to the criminal world.
Malcolm moves to New York, specifically
Becomes a waiter at Small's Paradise.
The U.S. Army finds him unsuitable for the
service on account of mental problems (apparently, he behaved in unsuitable
manner on purpose, in order to avoid the draft).
Known as "Detroit Red.
Involved in criminal activities.
Indicted for larceny, he goes back to Boston,
given a three month suspended sentence and one year on probation.
Returns to Harlem, New York.
Convicted of larceny, breaking and entering,
and carrying a weapon. Malcolm is sentenced to eight to ten years in
prison. He starts to serve the term in Charlestown Prison.
Here he begins reading as many books as
possible and educating himself.
Transferred to Concord Reformatory for fifteen
Influenced by some family members and impressed
by letters from Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm converts to the Nation of Islam
(not to be confused with actual Islam).
Transferred to Norfolk Prison Colony, Massachusetts,
where there is a great library.
Malcolm is released from prison after six
years (instead of eight to ten) and meets Elijah Muhammad in Chicago.
It is here that he receives the legendary 'X' from the Nation of Islam.
The FBI opens a surveillance file on Malcolm.
He moves to Chicago to live with Elijah
Becomes the Minister of the Nation of Islam's
Temple Number Eleven, located in Boston.
Becomes the Minister of Temple Number Seven,
located in New York.
Becomes the Minister of Temple Number Twelve,
located in Philadelphia.
First hears rumors of Elijah Muhammad's
Attracted to Betty Sanders, a nurse, he
marries her in January.
Their first child, daughter Attallah, is
born in November.
Travels to United Arab Republic, Sudan,
As an ambassador for the Nation of Islam,
he travels to the Middle East and Ghana.
Meets with Fidel Castro for half and hour
in Hotel Theresa, Harlem.
His second daughter, Qubilah, is born in
Discovers that Elijah Muhammad is an adulterer.
His third daughter, Ilyasah, is born.
Watches the March on Washington critically,
unable to understand why black people are excited over a demonstration
"run by whites in front of a statue of a president who has been
dead for a hundred years and who didn't like us when he was alive."
Because of his "Chickens Come Home
to Roost" speech about the assassination of Kennedy, he is suspended
from representing the Nation of Islam.
Begins collaboration on his autobiography
with Alex Haley.
Visits Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) for a
Meets Martin Luther King, Jr. for the first
and only time after a King news conference.
Breaks away from the Nation of Islam and
forms the Muslim Mosque, Inc.
Travels to Makkah and Africa as Malik El-Shabazz.
In Makkah, seeing the beauty of the unity
of humanity, he embraces true Islam.
He comes back to the U.S. thinking differently
about white people.
He forms the Organization for Afro-American
He returns to Africa and meets with African
His fourth daughter, Gamilah, is born in
House is firebombed in the early morning
of the 14th day of February.
• (February 21) Right after beginning an address
at the Audubon Ballroom, at 3:10 pm, he is shot several times...he
is pronounced dead on arrival at Vanderbilt Clinic, Columbia Presbyterian
Body moved to Bishop Alvin A. Child's Faith Temple Church of God in
Christ for funeral services, eulogy by actor/playwright Ossie Davis,
over 20,000 people attend. (Bishop Childs and his family face constant threats at their home and church for agreeing to conduct the funeral.)
Twin daughters, Malaak and Malikah are born.
Betty Shabazz (formerly Betty X, born Betty
Sanders), wife of Malcolm X, the only person he would trust with his
life, dies in a fire allegedly set by grandson, Malcolm, named after